xiii THE TIGER AKD THE LEOPARD 39 it will also voluntarily enter the water, and can swim conside able rivers. Mr. II. 2ST. IKidley1 observes that Tigers " habitually swii over to Singapore across the Johore Strait, usually by way of tt intermediate islands of Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong. The make the passage ;it night, landing in the early morning. As E much of the coast is mangrove swamp, and the animals do nc risk going through the mud, they are only able to cross whei the shores are sandy, and thus they have regular starting- an landing-places." The Tiger is mainly nocturnal,, but begins its depredatior towards five o'clock in the afternoon, before which it remair sleeping in shady thickets. If the weather is rainy and wind it becomes restless and wanders about earlier. Under the prove cation of extreme hunger it will hunt during the daytim< Hunger, too, naturally produces extreme boldness, Mr. Hidle relates a story of four Tigers who walked up the steps of a hong in search of the master of the house or his dog,, and broke int it, the inhabitants retiring in their favour. The Malays ha\ superstitions about Tigers, which are precisely paralleled by tfc man-and-wolf stories of Europe. f€ Certain people are suppose to have the power of turning into tigers for a short time, an resuming their human form at pleasure. The transformatio commences tail first, and the human tiger is so complete! changed that not only has it all the actions and appearance c the tiger, hut on resuming its human form, it is quite unconscioi: of what it has been doing in the tiger state." Mr. Ridley dii putes the common stories as to man-eatera. If a Tiger has one tasted human flesh it does not always confine itself afterwards t that article of diet, nor is it only aged and comparatively toott less animals which hunt man. That they do take a large toll c coolies is an undoubted fact, and many are the artifices to preTer the rest from knowing the fate of one of their fellow-workmen, c of becoming acquainted with the presence in the neighbourhoo of one of the dreaded beasts. The Leopard or Panther, M pardns, is, like the Lion* Africa and Asiatic in range. The animal is spotted with rosettes c black spots surrounding a central field of the tawny colour of fcfc !>ody generally. Some of the spots are solid and black. ** Tt * JVottcraZ Mtiem^ vL 1895, f*. 89.